Jobs, labor, wages - Center for Immigration Studies (CIS) - illegal and legal immigration - page 3
Immigration's Impact on American Workers, Congressional Testimony Prepared for the House Judiciary Committee, by Steven A. Camarota, Director of Research, Center for Immigration Studies, May 9, 2007
There is no evidence of a labor shortage, especially at the bottom end of the labor market where immigrants are most concentrated. If there was, wages, benefits and employment should all be increasing fast, the opposite of what has been happening.
Employment has declined significantly for the less-educated. The share of adult natives (18 to 64) without a high school diploma in the labor force fell from 59 to 56 percent between 2000 and 2006, and fell from 78 to 75 for those with only a high school diploma. This means they are neither working nor looking for work. There is a huge supply of potential less-educated native workers - there are 23 million adult natives with a high school degree or less unemployed or not in the labor force.
All research indicates that less-educated immigrants consume much more in government services than they pay in taxes. Thus, not only does such immigration harm America's poor, it also burdens taxpayers.
Immigration's Impact On American Workers, Testimony Prepared for the House Judiciary Committee, by Steven A. Camarota, August 29, 2006
Over the last three decades, socio-economic conditions, especially in the developing world, in conjunction with U.S. immigration policy, have caused 25 million people to leave their homelands and emigrate legally to the United States. Additionally, the Immigration and Naturalization Service estimates that the illegal alien population grows by 400,000 to 500,000 each year.
While the number of immigrants is very large, the impact on the overall economy is actually very small. And these effects are even smaller when one focuses only on illegal aliens, who comprise one-fourth to one-third of all immigrants. While the impact on the economy as a whole may be tiny, the effect on some Americans, particular workers at the bottom of labor market may be quite large.
Dropping Out - Immigrant Entry and Native Exit From the Labor Market, 2000-2005, by Steven A. Camarota, Center for Immigration Studies, March, 2006
ata collected by the Census Bureau show that, even prior to Hurricane Katrina, there were almost four million unemployed adult natives (age 18 to 64) with just a high school degree or less, and another 19 million not in the labor force. Perhaps most troubling, the share of these less-educated adult natives in the labor force has declined steadily since 2000.
Between March 2000 and March 2005 only 9 percent of the net increase in jobs for adults (18 to 64) went to natives. This is striking because natives accounted for 61 percent of the net increase in the overall size of the 18 to 64 year old population. Wage data show little evidence of a labor shortage. Immigration and American Labor - Panel Discussion Transcript, Steven A. Camarota, Director of Research, Center for Immigration Studies; Vernon Briggs, Jr. Ph.D., Professor of Labor Economics, Cornell University, author of Immigration and American Unionism and Mass Immigration and the National Interest, and American Unionism and U.S. Immigration Policy; Thomas Palley, Ph.D., Assistant Director of Public Policy, AFL-CIO; Jared Bernstein, Ph.D., Economist, Economic Policy Institute
We see one graphic representation of that in the first figure over here, looking at immigration over roughly the last 70 years, as well as the share of the work force that is unionized. The two appear to be inversely related. In other words, immigration is bad for the union movement. At least that seems to be the historical trend. In addition, immigration increases the supply of labor disproportionately at the bottom end of the labor market. That 14 percent increase in the supply of labor over the last 10 years is in the supply of people with less than a high school education.