Wages, labor, Wages, and Job Studies from the Center for Immigration Studies (CIS) - page 2
Worse Than It Seems: Broader Measure of Unemployment Shows Bleak Picture, by Steven A. Camarota, Karen Jensenius, Center for Immigration Studies, August 2009
Current official unemployment data only include those who have looked for work in the last four weeks. The U-6 is a broader measure of employment, used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, which includes the unemployed and people who would like to work, but who have not looked for a job recently, as well as those involuntarily working part-time. The U-6 measure shows that employment conditions are much worse than the official unemployment numbers imply. The job situation is particularly bad for minorities, the young, and less-educated Americans - workers who face the most competition from both legal immigrants and illegal immigrants.
As of June 2009, the overall unemployment rate for native-born Americans is 9.7 percent, but the broader U-6 measure shows it as 16.3 percent. There are 12.7 million unemployed natives, but using the U-6 measure it is 21.7 million.
Unemployment for Immigrants and the US-Born: Picture Bleak for Less-Educated Black and Hispanic Americans, Center for Immigration Studies, February 2009
Among US-born blacks and Hispanics without a high school degree, unemployment is 24.7 percent and 16.2 percent respectively two to three times the national rate. An estimated 6 to 7 million illegal immigrants are currently holding jobs. Prior research indicates they are overwhelmingly employed in lower-skilled and lower-paying jobs. If we count all adults with a high school diploma or less, there are a total of 24.3 million less-educated native-born Americans unemployed or not in the labor force, along with 6.9 million native-born Americans 16 and 17. Less-educated immigrants (legal and illegal) are faring better, though their unemployment rates are also very high. Among immigrants without a high diploma, unemployment is 10.6 percent, for young immigrants with only a high school education it is 11 percent, and for immigrant teenagers, 10.8 percent.
Illegal Immigration: The Impact on Wages and Employment of Black Workers, Vernon M. Briggs, Jr., Emeritus Professor of Labor Economics Cornell University, Member, Center for Immigration Studies Board of Directors - Testimony Before the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, April 4, 2008
No issue has affected the economic well-being of African Americans more that the phenomenon of immigration and its related policy manifestations. Immigration defined the entry experience of the ancestors of most the nation's contemporary black American community (as slaves who were brought as involuntary immigrants); it placed them disproportionately in the states that today comprise the South. In this post-1965 era of mass immigration, no racial or ethnic group has benefited less or been harmed more than the nation's African American community.
About 30 percent of the total foreign-born population are illegal immigrants. When one recalls that there have been seven amnesties given by Congress since 1986 that have legalized the status of over 6 million former illegal immigrants, it is not too much of a stretch of the imagination to conclude that upwards of half the current foreign-born population of the country entered in violation of the nation's immigration laws.
Of the 50 million low skilled adults (those 25 years of age and over) in the civilian labor force in 2007, black Americans accounted for about 5.6 million of such workers (or about 10 percent of the total). These black American workers, however, had the highest unemployment rates of any of the four racial and ethnic groups for which the data was collected. Black American adult workers without a high school diploma had an unemployment rate of 12.0 percent and those with only a high school diploma had an unemployment rate of 7.3 percent in 2007. These 5.6 million low skilled black workers accounted for one-third of the entire black labor force of slightly over 17 million workers.